عنوان مقاله [English]
Sultan Hussein Bāyqarā (1505-1468) was the last ruler of the Timurid dynasty. During the reign of 38 years, with the creation of relative calm, he caused the flourishing of arts and sciences. This was possible with the support of his wise minister, Amir Alishir Nava' that stimulated the various branches of art. Sultan Hussein Bāyqarā because of personal interest as well as the policies of his court gave more freedom to mystics and artists, especially painters. The presence of the mystics such as Jami in his court and the formation of many circles with attending of scholars and artists created new attitudes and interest in selected topics for illustrating the books. Part of this transformation can see in the appearance of king in both costumes and the style of royal coronation. Dervish-like presence of sultan at the scene of coronation is a main feature of these paintings. The present research base on a descriptive-analytical method and with using historical documentation study the paintings in which the person of Sultan Hussein Bāyqarā is present and try to show the influence of Islamic mysticism on the royal coronation paintings.
The purpose of this study is to find out how mystical issues arose and to identify this effect in the art of Persian painting, especially the scenes of royal sittin Have mystical schools been able to influence art such aspersion painting? How did mystical themes appear in the Persian paintings The present study, based on a descriptive-analytical method in a qualitative manner and using historical documents and drawings in which Sultan Hussein Bayqara is present, tries to show the effect of Islamic mysticism on the drawings of the royal throne Earlier, in the field of the relationship between the Timurid kings and mystics and the presence of mystical figures in the court of Sultan Hussein Bayqara, in numerous books and articles, speeches and quotations have been included and the religious policies and attitudes of Sultan Hussein Bayqara have been addressed. These historical documents are summarized by Hamideh Shahidi in an article entitled; The religious policy of Sultan Hussein Bayqara is included. Historians were also among those who rose to prominence during the reign of Sultan Hussein Bayqara. In the books left by him, there are references to the religious tendencies of the Shah. According to him, the ruling religion in Iran and the Shah himself was Sunni Hanafi Islam, but the religious interactions and actions of Sultan Hussein showed a tendency and attention to Shiism, as some consider him a Shiite. But the question is, what effect did the connection and the type of religious view of the Shah have on the themes of that era? And have religious policies influenced the image of the king in the scenes of royal enthronement? Sultan Hussein Bayqara gave more freedom to mystics and artists, especially painters, due to his personal interest and also due to the court policies. The presence and role of mystics such as Jami in his court and the formation of many circles with the presence of scholars and artists caused new attitudes and tendencies in selected subjects to illustrate the book. Some of these developments can be seen in the appearance of the king, both in the cover and in the type of sitting. The presence of the Sultan's dervish in the scenes of the royal sitting is a prominent feature of these paintings.
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