عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem statement: A psychological theory of how visual perception by the human brain explains. In fact, the mind at first glance, instead of understanding the details of a picture, is a percentage that presents a whole. Pergnan's law is one of the principles of Gestalt and visual perception, which is one of the best study methods for research in the field of book design. Pergnan's law is one of the eight principles that can be used in the art of painting. The art of painting is one of the best illustrations in which intelligent visual and psychological capabilities can be examined.
Objective: The present study, while introducing the capabilities of Gestalt psychology in the analysis of visual elements, examines three selected paintings from the Herat school from the Shahnameh of Baysanghari and then explains how to perceive and recognize visual patterns in the components using Gestalt laws.
Research Method / Questions: In this research, qualitative research method has been used. Therefore, according to the paintings of the Herat period, from the illustrated copies of this period, the Shahnameh of Baysanghari and its three paintings with structural themes (architecture, war and hunting), as the main features for applying Gestalt patterns, visual analysis Done. The most important thing in this research is the study of Gestalt laws in other image sources that are cited in the research process. Therefore, in order to do this, in addition to studying library resources, Internet resources have also been used. It can be said that the present research is descriptive-analytical. The approach of the present study is based on structuralism. Research study methods are descriptive-analytical and information has been collected using library and Internet resources. This research has been done in response to two basic questions: The rules and principles of visual perception of Gestalt psychologists, to what extent can it be used in the analysis of visual elements in selected images? What is the function of Pergnance rules in selected paintings from Herat school?
Conclusion: The conclusion of the present study from Gestalt theory states that this view, about visual perception, the meaning of visual pattern and how the human organism acts in seeing and visually organizing, the desired results are presented that make the characteristic clear. Cognitive aspects in the formal structure of drawings. A qualitative study of the Gestalt laws in the drawings requires the presentation of quantitative results in the form of tables and graphs that help us to recognize the presence of these rules in the drawings. Since the field of study in this research is to identify the visual features hidden in the components of the drawings, first the theoretical issues of Gestalt theory and then the modeling of visual examples from the principle of Gestalt law and context have been studied. But the main focus of the present study is analysis and inferences that are the result of visual studies based on Gestalt principles and their adaptation in three drawings of Baysanghari Shahnameh which narrates three different topics (architecture, war and hunting). , Are shown in the form of percentage tables and graphs and the result of the analysis is distributed with the criterion of selecting the number of images. Therefore, according to these results, the strongest application of the Gestalt principle has its own form and context. Visual studies based on Gestalt principles and their adaptation in three drawings of Baysanghari Shahnameh, which narrates three different topics (architecture, war and hunting), are shown in the form of percentage tables and graphs and the result of the analysis is measured. Select the number of images distributed.