نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه هنر و معماری اسلامی، دانشکده هنر و معماری اسلامی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام رضا ع، مشهد، ایران
2 استادیار و عضو هیئت علمی گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران
3 دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران
4 دانشیار گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Statement of Problem: The importance of social luck towards the architectural body and urban space in previous periods and especially in the contemporary era has become one of the most important parts of urban planning and design planning in architecture. In the meantime, the concept of capital and the social theory derived from it have suffered from the problem of being multifaceted and extensive. This has caused the transfer of the complexity of perception and effective planning for its realization in architecture and urban planning as well. In order to solve this problem, in this research, an attempt has been made to determine the effect of this concept on the formation of social theory in the field of architecture and urban planning in a manner corresponding to the formation of this change of perspective in social science studies.
Importance and necessity of conducting research: The important application of such research is in obtaining the model of physical capital. In order to achieve this goal, architecture and urban planning can be considered as a perfect example for its implementation. Because it enables physical development and life space (which includes social interactions) using multiple technologies and based on scientific perspectives. The necessity of this theoretical synchronization between social studies with architecture and urban planning, in increasing the influence of the network and social institutions, and reducing the costs of social interaction, through justice in the distribution of individual-group benefits, and the division of group work to solve social problems related to building space.
Aims of the article: The current research seeks to understand and express the different aspects of social capital, and to present an interdisciplinary theory with the aim of using it in the process of architectural design and urban planning in a structured way.
Research Question: Based on this, the main question raised in this research is to achieve a general content framework to move from social capital to social theory.
Research Method: In carrying out the current fundamental and qualitative research, interdisciplinary theorizing has been used based on the collection of library resources around its topic, and providing descriptive analysis to achieve a comprehensive and structured interpretation. Also, a comparative study has been done in the field of social studies in architecture and urban planning. Based on this, the current research seeks to meet this need with a qualitative method and a fundamental approach, while analyzing and interpreting related library resources, by presenting the process of philosophical cognition in the triad (what, why, how) of social capital. , to give an answer of interdisciplinary theorizing.
Conclusion: This research, in addition to achieving a comprehensive model for physical capital, has achieved a partial structure to the concepts presented around these categories, and the formation of the structure of interdisciplinary studies. Also, it helps fundamentally to remove the obstacles to comprehensive development and sustainable and high-quality human settlement. It is obvious that such an innovative view and achievement gives coherence to the way of using social capital in the process of architectural design and urban planning. In such a way, it makes the problem of social contextualization a process and measurable model, index and structure. This is what we call the social capability of the environment in environmental psychology.
The social purpose of presenting the theory of physical capital is to expand the social responsibility of "individuals, groups, institutions and society" towards social problems related to space and place of living. The most important of these factors were expressed in the current research under the title of lifestyle and aesthetics (reflected in the way of thinking) of the era. Based on this, in this research, an attempt was made to put the concept of social capital into comparative and philosophical recognition, and by expanding its context and application, to achieve the basics of interdisciplinary social theory. In defining the application of this social theory, an effort was made to promote construction to the creation of value-oriented space under the title of physical capital. This physical capital includes material and spiritual dimensions that can be manifested in environmental capabilities through architectural interventions and urban planning.
In this theory, physical capital is that which is created from social capital and at a higher stage, it is com from the social theory as the current spirit in the physical-spatial fabric of people's living environment. Therefore, one can witness the increase in the sense of " sameness" between the individual's social personality (real personality) and society (legal personalities) with the space and buildinges (that have now been upgraded to the "spatial space"). It can also be said that the sense of desirability and acceptability of the design product, which has now become physical capital, will increase in their eyes.